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YEAR 12 ENGLISH

 THE CRUCIBLE – MONOLOGUE

 GETTING INTO ROLE

ROLE:                            Who are you? _____________________________________

CONTEXT:                   When are you speaking? (Time frame in play)

What has happened to trigger your monologue?

Where are you?

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FEELINGS:                   How are you feeling at the time? (eg anger, disgust, vengeful, horrified,                                             guilt-stricken, frightened, self-pitying, sinful, bitter)

 

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RELATIONSHIPS:         Who might you reflect on? What motivates you to like/dislike or                                                             support/undermine these characters?

 

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ACTION:                      What has happened? Which events will you reflect on?

 

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FUTURE:                      What conclusions have you drawn as a result of your reflection? What will                                 you do next?

 

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MONOLOGUE

 

Monologues are delivered by a character in a play. They are long speeches (spoken aloud) revealing the character’s thoughts, perceptions and feelings about events and other characters.

 

The monologue may be:               1. presented in the first person; thoughts spoken aloud
2. presented in first and second person; may address an audience

 

Characters usually do not hide their feelings in monologues. The character may:

  • Express opinions
  • Reflect on past experiences
  • Try to work out answers to questions and problems
  • Address issues raised by others
  • Argue with themselves
  • Face up to difficult realities
  • Tell the truth to themselves
  • Berate themselves
  • State opinions about what should be/has been done

 

A monologue is NOT a retelling of events in the play. It is a reflective piece that explores a character’s emotions. If you find a pattern of ‘and then this happened’, you are on the wrong track.

 

GENERIC STRUCTURE

 

Orientation

  • Outlines context – who, what, where, when
  • Establishes thesis/point of view/position

 

Events                  Explores personal insights into people, events, motivations for actions

 

Reorientation    Summarises an overall opinion on events/people and should provide a direct link to                                 the orientation. May consider future options.

 

TEXTUAL FEATURES

 

Vocabulary         Formal language; key words/phrases as used in the text

Do not try to use ‘flowery’, unnatural language that you are not familiar with.

There is no necessity to quote from the play, however, you may reflect on a statement                                         made by someone, which has had a strong impact on you.

 

Cohesion:           Personal              –  ‘I’, first person

Sequence             – then, when, afterwards, since

Causation            – therefore, because, consequently

Contrast               – however, but, on the other hand, although

Coordination       – and, also, in addition, what is more

Repetition of words, phrases and ideas could assist in cohesion and impact.

 

Grammar:            Emotive words – feelings should be highlighted. Often uses present                                              tense in orientation and reorientation though events are discussed in                                part tense.

Delivery:              In written form, often no paragraphing. However as a spoken piece,                                                                a variety of pause, pace, pitch, tone is an integral part of establishing                                                               authenticity to engage the audience.